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Choudhury, S., Blakemore, S. J. & Charman, T. (2006). Social cognitive development during adolescence. Social cognitive and affective neuroscience, 1, 165-174.

de Bianchi, S. M. (2013). The Observer Effect. Foundations of Science, 18(2), 213-243.

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Esbjörn-Hargens, V. (2010). PSYCHOGRAPH AS MAP, MATRIX, AND MIRROR: An Integral Psychograph Assessment. Journal of Integral Theory & Practice, 5, 21-58.

Frazzon, E. M., Hartmann, J., Makuschewitz, T. & Scholz-Reiter, B. (2013). Towards Socio-Cyber-Physical Systems in Production Networks. Procedia {CIRP}, 7, 49-54.

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Gelernter, D. H. & Carriero, N. (1992). Coordination Languages and their Significance. Commun. ACM, 35(2), 97-107.

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Haque, U. (2007). The Architectural Relevance of Gordon Pask. Architectural Design, 77(4), 45-61.

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Jabr, F. (2012). Self-Awareness with a Simple Brain. Scientific American Mind, 23, 28–29.

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OuYang, S., Lin, Y., Wang, Z. & Peng, T. (2001). Blown-up theory of evolution science and fundamental problems of the first push. Kybernetes, 30(4), 448-462.

Ricketts, T. & Levine, J. (1996). Logic and Truth in Frege. Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume, 70, 121-175.

Rochat, P. (2003). Five levels of self-awareness as they unfold early in life. Consciousness and Cognition, 12(4), 717-731.

Sanz, R. (2010, Feb. 15). Intelligence, Control and the Artificial Mind. PerAda Magazine, 2010, 1-3.

Schwarz, E. (2002). Can Real Life Complex Systems Be Interpreted with the Usual Dualist Physicalist Epistemology - Or is a Holistic Approach Necessary?. Special Issue: Proceedings of the fifth European Systems Science Congress, 2, 1-9.

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Scott, B. (1980). The Cybernetics of Gordon Pask - Part 1. International Cybernetics Newsletter - The ICNL Founding Fathers Series II, 17, 327-336.

von Foerster, H. (1992). Ethics and Second Order Cybernetics. Cybernetics and Human Knowing, 1(1), 9-19.


Ashby, W. R. (1957). An introduction to Cybernetics. London, UK: Chapman and Hall.

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Cram101 Textbook Reviews (Ed.). (2013). e-Study Guide for Ethics: Theory and Contemporary Issues, textbook y Barbara MacKinnon: Philosophy, Ethics. Cram101.

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Ferber, J. (1999). Multi-Agent Systems: An Introduction to Distributed Artificial Intelligence. Boston, MA: Addison-Wesley Longman Publishing Co., Inc.

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Lemberger, P. P. & Morel, M. (2012). Managing Complexity of Information Systems: The value of simplicity. London, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

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Liu, S. & Lin, Y. (2011). Grey Systems: Theory and Applications. Berlin, Germany: Springer.

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Naboni, R. & Paoletti, I. (2015). Advanced Customization in Architectural Design and Construction (1st ed.). Springer International Publishing.

Ninck, A., Bürki, L., Hungerbühler, R. & Mühlemann, H. (2001). Systemik - Integrales Denken, Konzipieren und Realisieren (3rd ed.). Zurich, Switzerland: Verlag Industrielle Organisation.

Paracer, S. & Ahmadjian, V. (2000). Symbiosis: An Introduction to Biological Associations (2nd ed.). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Pask, G. (1975). Conversation, Cognition and Learning: A Cybernetic Theory and Methodology. New York, NY: Elsevier Publishing Company.

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Schumacher, M. (2001). Objective Coordination in Multi-Agent System Engineering: Design and Implementation. Berlin, Germany: Springer-Verlag.

Simmon, E., Kim, K. S., Subrahmanian, E., Lee, R., De Vaulx, F., Murakami, Y., Zettsu, K. & Sriram, R. D. (2013). A Vision of Cyber-physical Cloud Computing for Smart Networked Systems. National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST).

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Chapter (In Collections)

Ashby, W. R. (1962). Principles of the Self-organizing System. In H. von Foerster & G. W. Zopf (Eds.), Principles of Self-Organization: Transactions of the University of Illinois Symposium (pp. 255-278). London, UK: Pergamon.

Cooley, M. (2008). On Human-Machine Symbiosis. In Gill. S (Ed.) Cognition, Communication and Interaction: Transdisciplinary Perspectives on Interactive Technology (pp. 457-485). London, UK: Springer.

Crane, T. (2001). The Significance of Emergence. In B. Loewer & G. Gillett (Eds.), Physicalism and its Discontents (pp. 207-224). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Crowston, K. (2003). A Taxonomy of Organizational Dependencies and Coordination Mechanisms. In T. W. Malone, W. Thomas, K. Crowston & G. Herman (Eds.), Organizing Business Knowledge: The MIT Process Handbook, Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.

Ferber, J., Stratulat, T. & Tranier, J. (2009). Towards an Integral Approach of Organizations in Multi-Agent Systems. In V. Dignum (Ed.), Handbook of Research on Multi-Agent Systems: Semantics and Dynamics of Organizational Models. Hershey, PA: Information Science Reference.

Freud, S. (1993). The Psychical Apparatus and the Theory of Instincts. In C. Lemert (Ed.), Social Theory. The Multicultural and Classic Readings (pp. 137-141). Westview Press.

Gill, K. S., Funston, T., Thrope, J., Hijitaka, M. & Gotze, J. (1993). Individuals, culture and the design of information systems. In C. Beardon & D. Whitehouse (Eds.), Computers and Society (pp. 76-90). Oxford, UK: Intellect Books.

Gill, K. S. (1996). The Foundations of Human-centred Systems. In K.S. Gill (Ed.), Human Machine Symbiosis: The Foundations of Human-centred Systems Design (pp. 1-68). London, UK: Springer.

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Kuutti, K. (1995). Activity Theory as a potential framework for human-computer interaction research. In B. A. Nardi (Ed.) Context and Consciousness: Activity Theory and Human Computer Interaction (pp. 17-44). Cambridge, MA: MIT-Press.

Morin, E. (2006). Restricted Complexity, General Complexity. In C. Gershenson, D. Aerts & B. Edmonds (Eds.), Worldviews, Science and Us: Philosophy and Complexity (pp. 5-29). World Scientific.

Omicini, A. & Ossowski. S. (2003a). Objective versus Subjective Coordination in the Engineering of Agent Systems. In M. Klusch, S. Bergamaschi, P. Edwards & P. Petta (Eds.), Intelligent Information Agents (Vol. 2586, pp.179-202). Berlin, Germany: Springer.

Powers, W. T., Abbott, B., Carey, T. A., Goldstein, D. M., Mansell, W., Marken, R. S., Nevin, B., Robertson, R. & Taylor, M. (2008). Perceptual Control Theory - A Model for Understanding the Mechanisms and Phenomena of Control. In D. Forssell (Ed.), Perceptual Control Theory: Science & Applications: A Book of Readings (pp. 18-34). Living Control Systems Publishing.

von Foerster, H. (2003). On Self-Organizing Systems and Their Environments. Understanding Understanding: Essays on Cybernetics and Cognition (pp. 1-19). New York, NY: Springer.

Conference Proceedings

Hadorn, B., Courant, M. & Hirsbrunner, B. (2015a). Holistic System Modelling for Cyber Physical Systems. The 6th International Multi-Conference on Complexity, Informatics and Cybernetics (IMCIC 2015). Orlando, FL: IIIS.

Hadorn, B., Courant, M. & Hirsbrunner, B. (2015b). Holistic Integration of Enactive Entities into Cyber Physical Systems. 2nd IEEE International Conference on Cybernetics, CYBCONF 2015. Gdynia, Poland: IEEE.

Hirsbrunner, B., Aguilar, M. & Krone, O. (1994). CoLa: A Coordination Language for Massive Parallelism. In Proceedings ACM Symposium on Principles of Distributed Computing (PODC). New York, NY: ACM.

Luca, J. & Tarricone, P. (2001). Does Emotional Intelligence Affect Successful Teamwork?. Meeting at the Crossroads. Proceedings of the 18th Annual Conference of the Australasian Society for Computers in Learning in Tertiary Education (ASCILITE 2001). Melbourne, Australia.

Maffioletti, S., Kouadri, M.S. & Hirsbrunner, B. (2004). A Holistic Approach for Pervasive Computing Environments. Communication Networks and Distributed Systems Modeling and Simulation Conference, 2004. San Diego, CA: CNDS.

Omicini, A., Ricci, A., Rimassa, G. & Viroli, M. (2003b). Integrating Objective & Subjective Coordination in FIPA: A Roadmap to TuCSoN. AI*IA/TABOO Joint Workshop "From Objects to Agents", WOA'03. Villasimius, CA, Italy: Pitagora Editrice Bologna.

Papadopoulos, G. A. & Arbab, F. (1998). Coordination Models and Languages. Advances in Computers. Academic Press.

Pask, G. (1980). The Limits of Togetherness. IFIP Congress.

Renevey, C., Aguilar, M., Hirsbrunner, B. & Krone, O. (1995a). COLA: Yet Another Coordination Language. Workshop Parallel-Algorithmen,- Rechnerstrukturen und-Systemsoftware. Postdam, Germany.

Renevey, C. & Courant, M. (1995b). Phi-CoLa: Towards a Logico-Physical Coordination Language. Proceedings of the Workshop on Future and Practice of Autonomous Systems. Monte Verita, Switzerland: FPAS'95.

Tafat, A., Courant, M. & Hirsbrunner, B. (2005). Implicit environment-based coordination in pervasive computing. Proceedings of the 2005 ACM symposium on Applied computing. New York, NY: ACM.

Zamfirescu, C. B, Pirvu, B. C., Loskyll, M. & Zuehlke, D. (2014). Do Not Cancel My Race with Cyber-Physical Systems. Proceedings of the 19th World Congress of the International Federation of Automatic Control. Laxenburg, Austria: IFAC.


Attainable Utopias (2016, June 28). Fourth-order cybernetics. Retrieved from

Hüther, G. (2016, June 28). Begeisterung. Retrieved from

National Science Foundation. (2016, July). Cyber-Human Systems (CHS). Retrieved from

Pangaro, P. (1989). The Architecture of Conversation Theory. Retrieved from

Pangaro, P. (2016, July, 05). Paskian Environments with Paul Pangaro. Retrieved from

Pask, G. & de Zeeuw, G. (1992). Interactions of Actors, Theory and some Applications (unpublished). Retrieved from

Rozovsky, J. (2015). The five keys to a successful Google team. Retrieved from

Weijers, D. (2016). Hedonism. The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy, ISSN 2161-0002. Retrieved from

United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific. (2009). What is Good Governance?. Retrieved from

Yolles, M. & Fink, G. (2014). Generic Agency Theory, Cybernetic Orders and New Paradigms. Retrieved from

PhD Thesis

Bruegger, P. (2011). uMove: a wholistic framework to design and implement ubiquitous computing systems supporting user's activity and situation. (Doctoral dissertation). Retrieved from réro Doc. (R006095784).

Hadorn, B. (2016c). URANOS - A Generic System Model for Human-Centered Design. (Doctoral dissertation). Retrieved from PAI-Research Group, University of Fribourg.

Maffioletti, S. (2006). UbiDev: A Homogeneous Service Framework for Pervasive Computing Environments. (Doctoral dissertation). Retrieved from réro Doc. (R004526374).

Pangaro, P. (1987). An Examination and Confirmation of a Macro Theory of Conversations through A Realization of the Protologic Lp by Microscopic Simulation. Retrieved from Brunel University Research Archive. (

Schumacher, M. (2000). Designing and Implementing Objective Coordination in Multi-Agent Systems. Retrieved from PAI-Research Group, University of Fribourg. (

Technical Reports

Esbjörn-Hargens, S. (2009, March). An Overview of Integral Theory: An All-Inclusive Framework for the 21st Century (Resource Paper No. 1). Louisville, CO: Integral Institute.

Hadorn, B., Courant, M. & Hirsbrunner, B. (2014a). A Holistic Approach to Cognitive Coordination. Fribourg, Switzerland: University of Fribourg.

Hadorn, B. (2014b). Smart Grinding Maschine - Innovation Memorandum (Internal White Paper). Steffisburg, Switzerland: Innovation Electronics and Software, Studer.

Hadorn B., Josi, C., Zwahlen, R., Lüthi, M., Abbühl, M. & Albertin, R. (2016a). Plug and Produce for Smart Tooling Machines (Internal White Paper). Steffisburg, Switzerland: Innovation Electronics and Software, Studer.

Hadorn, B., Courant, M. & Hirsbrunner, B. (2016b). Towards Human-Centered Cyber Physical Systems: A Modeling Approach. Fribourg, Switzerland: University of Fribourg.

Schwartz, S. H. (2006). Basic Human Values: An Overview. Jerusalem, Israel: The Hebrew University of Jerusalem.


Electronic Industries Association. (1979). EIA Standard RS-274-D Interchangeable Variable Block Data Format     for Positioning, Contouring, and Contouring/Positioning Numerically Controlled Machines. Washington, D.C.: Electronic Industries Association.

International Institute for General Systems Studies. (2001). Some Streams of Systemic Thought. Originated in 1996 by Dr. Eric Schwarz, Neuchâtel, Switzerland.

Pask, G., McKinnon-Wood, R. & Pask, E. (1961). Patent Specification (866279) for "Apparatus for assisting an operator in performing a skill”. Retrieved from European Patent Office. (Patent GB866279 (A)).

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